Dick and Carrey model and Iwash

December 18, 2020

In this post, I want to talk about the Dick and Carey instructional model envisioned in the Iwash initiative an App.  I explain briefly the project and the vision of Iwash and then I share a talk with Damienmarc, the product designer involved in this project, on how we could use this model for the future of Iwash. The talk has been recorded and shared on Soundcloud as future speculation of the Iwash initiative.

Iwash vision

When we kicked off this project the aim was to provide educational material for empowering DIY practices around hygiene and water sanitation. However, after a couple of months working with the wash community in Ghana, we realized that the material was taught in a prescriptive way. When the material is taught in a top-down approach the  active engagement of the learners is reduced.

Since this way of teaching did not help our final users, the people of the rural communities, we decided to re-look at the project and focus on teaching to wash professional how to teach our material, to create active participation, the core of DIY practices.

Below our new vision:

“Iwash provides knowledge and practical solutions for hygiene and water sanitation by empowering WASH professional and organized with tools and technologies that promote active agency on HW practices in rural Africa”

Therefore, while speculating on the possible futures of Iwash I outlined the modules of a learning app for wash professionals.

Below you can see the modules, the learning content, and the assessment. The modules are approximately 5 (from the left the second column) with several units in each of them (each post-it note is a module). While creating this first draft, I thought to apply the instructional design model of Dick and Carey in the first module: Teaching "Do It Yourself".

The first draft of the app Iwash

Dick and Carey model

I want to briefly describe the steps and share the talk between Damien and me on this model and the first module: Teaching "Do It Yourself".

  • Stage 1: Instructional Goal, the purpose is to identify a desirable state as a result of instruction.
  • Stage 2: Instructional Analysis, the purpose is to determine the skills involved in reaching a goal.
  • Stage 3: Entry Behaviors and Learner Characteristics, the purpose is to determine which of the required enabling skills the learners bring to the learning task.
  • Stage 4: Performance Objectives, the purpose is to translate the needs and goals into specific and detailed objectives.
  • Stage 5: Criterion-Referenced Test Items, the purpose is to diagnose an individual possession of the necessary prerequisites for learning new skills.
  • Stage 6: Instructional Strategy, the purpose is to outline how instructional activities will relate to the accomplishment of the objectives.
  • Stage 7: Instructional Materials, the purpose is to select or develop printed or other media intended to convey events of instruction.
  • Stage 8: Formative Evaluation, the purpose is to provide data for revising and improving instructional materials.
  • Stage 9: Summative Evaluation, the purpose is to study the effectiveness of the system as a whole.

Below, you can hear the conversation between Damienmarc and me on the Dick and Carey model.


Dick, W., Carey, L. (2000). The Systematic Design of Instruction. Glenview, IL: Scott, Foresman, and Company.

Pappas, C. (2015). 9 steps to apply the dick and Carey Model in learning. Retrieved from https://elearningindustry.com/9-steps-to-apply-the-dick-and-carey-model-in-elearning

Kurt, S. "Dick and Carey Instructional Model," in Educational Technology, November 23, 2015. Retrieved from https://educationaltechnology.net/dick-and-carey-instructional-model/